When to use Code VBA tools

This page gives an overview of the points at which you will be using Code VBA tools. Code VBA adds two tools to the Visual Development Environment:

Code navigation and other

The Code Explorer follow link shows all procedures in your project and allows you to move to the procedure you need to work on quickly using double-click selection. In addition it allows you to insert selected procedure into the current position in the code, comment code, select or remove procedures, tidy the code indentation, drag procedures to other modules (move) or projects (copy) and more.

Code VBA menu

The presentation below follows the flow of the Code VBA menu which is added to the Visual Development Environment. The menu starts as item 'Code VBA' in the toolbar, the start of the truncated menu can be seen in the image below. Keyboard users will benefit from the ability to use the Alt-key combinations to select the appropriate menu item. As an example Alt-CPFB inserts the a block of code for a new function with returntype 'Boolean'.

code VBA toolbar

To the right of the 'Code VBA' are submenus which duplicate the main areas. This makes opening the correct menu one keystroke shorter: Alt-PFB

Note: If the toolbar does not appear, this may be caused by either Windows Explorer having excel open in the preview pane, or by an anti-virus program. You can try work around this by either closing the preview pane or by opening Excel before opening the file you you want to work on.

Declare procedures, variables and constants

menu if is

Control structures

Inserting Code Blocks like If .. Then .. Else .. End If or For Each .. Next is nothing spectacular of course but as they occur so often will save you time. The Is submenu shows the built-in expressions such as IsNull and IsEmpty and contains a tutorial on when to use which, in case you forgot.

Class and collection


dialogs

User Interaction

This lets you select from built-in and some extra custom dialogs. All relevant code and handling is inserted in one go.

Error handling

You want to handle errors professionally without having users confronted with unintelligible messages or, even worse, entering your code. The Code VBA error handlers can be inserted from the menu, or from the Code Explorer

Comment

This gives access to 2 distinct features

Name

In your code you will use names of objects regularly. The Name submenu provides easy access to many names without having to remember them or spend time looking them up or having to guess with the risk of making errors or typos.

VBA procedures

When writing a program you use both built-in and custom - written by you - procedures. These again can be inserted using the Code VBA menu. Code VBA attempts to use variables already available in you procedure to fill in the arguments. Under Preferences you can customize the way procedures get inserted. As an example, you can set if you want to have explicit arguments used in the procedure call.

Tip
  • The Code Explorer also lets you insert a procedure call from your current project using right-click Insert.
  • Pressing F1 makes a tooltip available that shows the what procedure code will be inserted and a description of the procedure or class - if available. If you see the text hyperlinked you can press F1 again which opend the relevant help page in the browser.
  • Pressing F12 just after you inserted a procedure opens a list with optional arguments - if available - from which you may select the ones you consider relevant.
VBA procedures

The built-in VBA procedures contain many useful functions. These have been organized in the menu so that they are easy to find:

Add Fragments of code

The concept of managing a libary of code fragments or snippets is far from new. What is new is that fragments are fully merged in the menu system alongside the built-in vba code which makes it natural to chose built-in code or your own code fragments.

Reference and Tutorials, Custom Search

Admitted, we programmers spend a lot of time looking for sample code and explanations. The MSDN Office library is the most extensive resource. We sprinkled the menu with jumps to the relevant pages. In addition, you can use our Google based custom search which gives priority to selected on-line resources concerning VBA, Excel, MS Access and more.

Tools

Quick Menu

The Quick menu displays the 6 most recent Code VBA menu or toolbar actions. By clicking the menu opens up to the last submenu allowing you to do the same or a similar or related action quicly. For example if you are acting on Excel Range or DAO fields, this gives you quick acces to subsequent actions.

Office program VBA add-ons

When programming VBA in Excel or Access or another Office program

Excel and Access add-ons

In addition to the Code VBA core system described above you can also use the parts below the Excel and Access menu which are specifically for use with these programs. An introduction can be found here: Excel VBA and Access VBA